On the 19th of July, the Lok Sabha passed the (Amendment) Bill of both the Indian Council and The Dentist of 2016, to replace the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET) ordinance.
Therefore, combining all the various entrance exams (of the medical sector), both private or state into one exam.
The decision was taken amid the walk out by the 3rd largest party in Lok Sabha, AIADMK, who stated that the States should be left to decide whether they want to be a part of the NEET examination or not.
Tracing back the history of this Bill, we find a variety of oppositions that were used to circumvent the Supreme Court’s order.
In 2013, NEET was held but, by July 2013 in a split 2-1 verdict about the validity of NEET it was stated that IMC and the Dental Council lacked the authority to hold the examinations.
During the time period of April and May 2016, the Supreme Court orders for NEET to take place in two parts NEET-I and NEET-II; wherein the second examination was conducted keeping in mind that the students might have had problems due to the sudden decision, but stating that if they had taken the NEET-I and reappeared for NEET-II then their previous score would not be considered.
The Lok Sabha Bill basically helped replace the ordinances put by States to get past to Supreme Court order.
The new exam, NEET, will be conducted by CBSE at the undergraduate level and the National Board of Examination at post-graduate level. The syllabus will be primarily NCERT, but care will be taken to standardize the examination so as to not affect the rural students.
Health Minister J P Nadda, who moved the bill for consideration and passing, said the new legislation has three main objectives, that is to end the multiplicity of examinations, make them fair and transparent and ensure students are not exploited, particularly with regard to capitation.
Apart from this, the examination will be help in various regional languages so as to not cause problems for the students.
The ministry is further going to work on the fees that can be asked by a private medical institution, while the government will work for its own institutions.
In the midst of this, the AIDSO staged a demonstration asking for the removal of NEET, stating that it is just another way for the government to commercialise higher education.
Despite the problems caused by NEET, most students have appreciated the effort and on 24th July, lakhs of students sat down around the country to give the said examination.
We can all wish them All the Best and hope that despite the disruptions they get the best results!
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